You are most likely interested in shipping products from Malaysia to Vietnam. As always, we are here to give you all the necessary information you need to know! We are going to assist you in understanding transportation options, laws, customs procedures, etc. more clearly and we will also provide you with some useful information on this subject. The DocShipper group's Docshipper Malaysia has organized all this data for you.
DocShipper fact: DocShipper Malaysia is a knowledgeable group with expertise in supply-chain optimization and freight forwarding from and to Malaysia.. In order to better support you, we additionally broaden the scope of our work: our list of services currently includes sourcing services, quality assurance, product compliance, etc.
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Commercial trade between the two countries
Before diving into the article, it is important to know the commercial trade the trade value Between the two southeast Asian countries was approximately US$2.2 billion as of the beginning of 2022, up 20 percent year on year, and as of 2020, Rice ($237 million), integrated circuits ($235 million), and broadcasting equipment ($217 million) are the top three imports from Vietnam to Malaysia and Integrated Circuits ($1.08B), Refined Petroleum ($868M), and Semiconductor Devices ($652M) were the top three Malaysian exports to Vietnam.
The different methods of transportation between Malaysia and Vietnam
Sea freight and air freight are the two modes of transportation that connect Malaysia with Vietnam. Below, we've provided a list of two main routes and a comparison of each, including the pros and cons for both ports and airports. Comparisons are done, and all that is left for you to do is pick the best option.
Sea freight between Malaysia and Vietnam
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In addition to having overlapping claims in the Spratly Islands, Vietnam and Malaysia share a maritime border in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea.
It measures up to 560 km (350 mi) in breadth and about 800 km (500 mi) in length.
The littoral states greatly benefit from using the Gulf of Thailand as a shipping route. For instance, over boats that called into Thai ports had shipping volume of roughly million tons of cargo and million TEU foot equivalent units (TEUs, which are m x m x m of containers). These figures are expected to rise by around 12% per year.
The main seaports in Malaysia
On the Strait of Malacca, which is the busiest strait in the world with over 100 000 commerce ships passing through it, there is a port called Kelang. It is Malaysia's first port and ranks 16th in the world with a 573 km2 area. Previously a transshipment port, the port has been able to accommodate numerous container ships by making use of Singapore's port's overcapacity. It is now the primary hub for CMA-CGM in Asia.
Port of Tanjung Pelepas
The largest container terminal in Malaysia is the Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP). The port offers major shipping lines and box operators dependable, effective, and cutting-edge services, giving shippers in Malaysia and overseas substantial connectivity to the global market. PTP is a joint venture between APM Terminals (30%), a major international port organization with a global port network in 62 countries, and MMC Corporation Berhad (70%), a leading utilities and infrastructure group.
Kota Kinabalu port
The Kota Kinabalu port is of medium size. Oil/chemical tankers (13%), container ships (12%), general cargo (11%), bulk carriers (8%), and offshore supply ships (7%) are the different types of ships that frequently call at Kota Kinabalu.
The main seaports in Vietnam
Hai Phong port
Hai Phong is a port with large size. Cargo (29%), Container Ship (20%), General Cargo (14%), Fishing (10%), and Bulk Carrier (4%), are the vessel types that frequently call at HAI PHONG. BAO LONG 01, which last called at this port 12 minutes and 35 seconds ago. The largest vessel measured to have entered this port is 363 meters long. The draught is 12.9 meters at its greatest. 132719 t is the maximum Deadweight.
Da Nang port
Da Nang is a Port of Medium Size. Regular ship types at DA NANG include fishing (65%), cargo (7%), container ships (4%), and general cargo (1%). LONG PHU 16, which last called at this port 3 hours, 17 minutes, and 49 seconds ago. The largest vessel measured to have entered this harbor is 266 meters long. 10.5 meters of draught is the highest. 54347t is the maximum Deadweight.
Qui Nhon port
Qui Nhon is a Port of Medium Size. Cargo (32% of calls), fishing (30%), general cargo (11%), container ships (7%), and bulk carriers (5% of calls) are the most common vessel classes at QUI NHON. MANH THANG made its last call to this port MANH THANG 28, 4m, and 42s ago. The largest vessel measured to have entered this port is 229 meters long. Ten meters of draught is the maximum. The highest Deadweight allowed is 63550t.
Transit time between Malaysia and Vietnam ports
The transit time between the ports of Vietnam and Malaysia is as follows:
- From Hai Phong port to Port Klang, the transit time is 7 to 8 days.
- From Hai Phong port to Port of Tanjung Pelepas, the transit time is 7 days.
- From Hai Phong port to Kota Kinabalu port, the transit time is 6 days.
- From Da Nang port to Port Klang, the transit time is 6 days.
- From Da Nang port to Port of Tanjung Pelepas, the transit time is 5 days.
- From Da Nang port to Kota Kinabalu port, the transit time is 4 days.
Should I ship my goods as a groupage or a full container between Malaysia and Vietnam?
The three main categories of standard container sizes are as follows. All of them can be used for both personal and professional transportation. We can see that merchants use them most frequently for any kind of solid sample:
- The HQ at 40 feet (High Cube, which has a capacity of 76 cubic meters)
- The forty-foot container (which has a capacity of 67 cubic meters)
- 20-foot container (which has a capacity of 33 cubic meters)
Less than Container Load (LCL)
When your cargo does not fill an entire container, LCL shipping is a good option. In addition, it allows you to simply pay for the amount of space you use, making it ideal for little deliveries. Your goods will be positioned next to those of a different vendor traveling in the same direction.
Benefits of LCL Shipping
- Simply put, if your items weigh between 2 CBM and 12/15 CBM, shipping them by LCL will be the least expensive option (cubic meters). Less money will be spent on the commodities' packing and inspection.
- LCL allows the shipment of any kind of goods, unlike air travel, which has a lot of restrictions.
Drawbacks of LCL Shipping
- Packing, loading, and unloading for an FCL will turn out to be excessively expensive (over 13 CBM).
Full Container Load (FCL)
It indicates that only one customer uses the entire space in the bearer from the time of departure to the time of arrival until it is delivered to the customer to minimize the dangers and expenditures.
If you want to purchase a lot of goods, it is a fantastic method of transportation to use.
Therefore, even if you simply fill a portion of it, FCL will be safer and less expensive for a bigger quantity. Undoubtedly, a full container can be less expensive than LCL starting at 15 m3.
Benefits of FCL Shipping
- You'll feel safer and there won't be as much risk of injury because there won't be as much handling (loading, interim storage and unloading).
- It's helpful if you watch over how your products are packaged (palletizing is not necessary). You are in charge of overseeing the security of your property.
- With a capacity of more than 16 MH, it is the least expensive form of transportation.
Drawbacks of FCL Shipping
- It is used to transport large quantities of products with a minimum quantity of 15 CBM.
- It is the less quick mode of transportation.
How much does sea freight between Malaysia and Vietnam cost?
The weight-to-size ratio of the products, which is computed by dividing the chargeable weight by the price per kilogram, also affects how much air freight will cost.
Although the IATA tax is fundamentally required, there may be size limitations. It is a territorial tax that differs from one nation to another and has a quick weight loss. There is a little fee for small shipments.
Air freight is frequently less expensive per kilogram than delivery services, despite having higher base pricing. The largest gross tonnage (based on the scale) and cubic load (taking into account all factors) will be used to estimate the cost of air freight for both artwork and express couriers.
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Charges assessed by maritime transport companies that are in addition to the tariff agreed upon by the parties and are dependent upon the circumstances.
The complexity of the pricing for shipping freight by water distinguishes it.
BAF: Bunker Adjustment Factor
This tariff supplement reflects changes in the price of crude oil. After the first oil crisis in 1973, maritime corporations started to use it due to the consumption of new ships. Since then, it has continued to be on the agenda.
CAF: Currency Adjustment Factor
This surcharge corresponds to fluctuations in the value of the dollar. As the vast majority of ocean freight rates are calculated in US dollars, companies hedge against currency risks with this surcharge.
THC: Terminal Handling Charge
THC represents the handling charges at the port of loading and unloading. The amount may be fixed in the case of a container (price per container) or variable in the case of conventional (i.e. "non-containerized") cargo. In the latter case, the rate is per tonne and may be subject to various surcharges (for "excessive" size or weight).
ORC : Origin Receipt Charge
This surcharge is payable only on departure from Chinese ports. It helps to finance the very rapid development of Chinese ports.
Port congestion is linked to an imbalance between the operational possibilities of a port and the influx of ships. A ship arriving in one of these ports will have to wait, sometimes for several days, before it can unload its cargo. The companies, therefore, apply a surcharge to compensate for this "loss of revenue". The main ports subject to congestion are those in the Mediterranean (Algeria, Libya, etc.) and the Persian Gulf.
Air freight between Malaysia and Vietnam
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The quickest and most dependable way to get products to their destination is by air freight; moving an item from Malaysia to Vietnam may just take a few days and it is utilized to convey both light and precious things as well as everyday commodities like clothing, electronics, and anything else that might degrade at sea. Due to a lower danger of destruction, packing and pickup are less expensive than for marine shipments.
Which type of freight? Conventional or Express air freight?
You have two choices, conventional air freight and express air freight:
Conventional air freight would use the space available on conventional airlines like Malaysia Airlines, Air Asia, etc…. . These airlines benefit from the capacity offered by commercial airplanes.
Express air freight will make use of the networks of courier companies like DHL, FedEx, TNT, and UPS… . This type of air freight is more expensive and goods are delivered on airplanes specifically intended for air transport.
What are the advantages of air freight?
-Air freight is the fastest way to ship, so when your goods need to be transported quickly, it is undoubtedly better than sea freight or road transport.
-Reliability of arrival and departure times.
-While going through airport security might be a pain for those of us who fly, air freight carriers benefit from tight restrictions and screenings. The risk of theft or damage is reduced by intense monitoring and security in cargo receiving zones and air terminals.
-The majority of air freight service companies provide web-based monitoring so you may monitor the progress of your cargo in real time from destination to arrival.
Docshipper Tip: Ready to take your sea freight shipping to the next level? Contact our team of specialists now and let us handle the hassle of shipping between Vietnam and Malaysia. With our unmatched expertise and proven track record, you can trust us to provide customized shipping solutions that meet your unique requirements and ensure a smooth, stress-free shipping experience.
How much does it cost to transport air cargo between Malaysia and Vietnam?
It is very important to keep in mind all the costs you will have to face if you make the choice to ship by air cargo. Specifically, we are talking about airport charges, documentation and reporting fees, customs, duties and taxes, etc… . It is also important to mention that the price of your shipment depends on both the weight and volume of your goods and the type of air freight. For example, if a cargo weighs 1 kg, its express charges will be ₹ 948 and its economy charges will be ₹ 473 and if a cargo weighs 50 kg, its express charges will be ₹ 20892 and its economy charges will be ₹ 14241.
How to calculate the volumetric weight of your shipment?
For classic freight, The basic rate is a weight band rate with a minimum fee for incredibly small shipments. As for express freight, it provides a fee per step based on the quantity you are shipping. The greater of the gross weight and the volumetric weight, which is determined as follows, will serve as the carrier's basis for determining the rate, as previously stated:
- Classic Air Freight: 1 m³ = 167 Kgs
- Express Air Freight: 1 m³ = 200 kgs
Customs clearance in Malaysia and Vietnam
Shipments in Malaysia can only be fully cleared for release if all taxes and duties have been paid and verified by the appropriate authorities. The shipment's release could take up to 48 hours after it arrives if there are any problems with the paperwork or payments pertaining to the goods in concern.
Before you import goods into Vietnam: bill of landing, a certificate of origin, an import goods declaration form, an import permit, a commercial invoice, a customs import declaration form and many others.
What are the customs duties and taxes?
Just like everywhere else, imported items are subject to customs duties. The Harmonized Commodity Description System (HS) is used in Malaysia for imported and exported items that are not produced by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Malaysia imposes a tariff rate that follows ad valorem rates and ranges from 0% to 50%.
How to get your HS code?
Asking your seller is the most secure and effective course of action.
Visit this webpage if he is unable to deliver it: HS code.
It is fairly simple to use. Enter your search word in the search area to get the results. Use "pineapple" as an example.
Calculating customs duties with the HS code
Do you know what your HS code is? It's time to verify how many taxes will need to be paid on your shipment now. Simple steps are as follows:
Visit the webpage for Malaysian customs first: Tariff for Malaysian Customs.
You must first enter your information (in this example, the HS code and the country of origin, which is Malaysia) :
Are you done? You only need to click the search button to get to the next page:
How to calculate customs duties and taxes
- To find the value of the customs duty, you need to add the total value of the imported product to the consumption tax (if applicable) + environmental protection rate (if applicable) x tax rate.
- To calculate the VAT, the total value of the imported product + import tax) x VAT rate
- To calculate the special consumption tax, you simply multiply the value of the product by the applicable SCT rate.
- To calculate the environmental protection tax, you simply multiply the quantity of taxable goods by the EPR rate
- Finally, if you wish to calculate all the taxes applicable to importing into Vietnam, simply do the following calculation: import tax + VAT + TCS (if applicable) + EPT (if applicable)
Certificate of origin
The certificate of origin attests to the country of origin of the goods transported. The country of manufacture, which should not be confused with the place of origin of the goods, is indicated in this document, which is necessary for international trade.
You must have the original invoice in order to clear your purchases through customs, whether you are traveling to Malaysia or Vietnam. Verify that the amount listed on the packing list and the original invoice are the same.
Bill of lading
The exporter's delivery of the declared products is attested to by the bill of lading, which serves as a proof of carriage document. The bill of lading is also a legal document that needs to be considered. Additionally, it offers all the information required to handle the freight and properly invoice it.
The health certificate is a document attesting that the products meet the requirements set forth by the legislation on manufacturing cleanliness, microbiological standards for food items, and animal health after being examined by the competent authorities.
The "packing list" is a document that shippers prepare for each party in the supply chain. Every air and sea freight cargo must have this official document, which contains all the details on the product(s) and packaging that are included in each shipment.
Import goods declaration form
An import declaration is a formal document in which you provide information regarding the import of products.
Restricted and prohibited products
Malaysian customs prohibit the following goods or items:
- daggers and knives
- products that resemble syringes
- Any type of indecent or obscene content
- fake currency
- poisonous substances
- Clothes featuring replicas or reproductions of Quranic texts
- radio receivers that can read frequencies between (68-87 MHz) and (108-174 MHz)
- Anything that is detrimental to the interests of Malaysia or the promotion of peace
- Salt of arsenic
- a few types of alcohol
Our additional services
Storage and warehousing
The DocShipper warehouses are perfectly located to hold your goods for however long is necessary before exporting them. We may also provide a container optimization strategy if you are combining your products with those of other suppliers, filling a container to capacity, or currently have a full container but want to split it up at the destination port and distribute it to different locations.
Please visit our page on warehouse services for further details.
The packaging and preparation stage should not be overlooked if you want to guarantee that your goods will remain stable throughout delivery and will have the best protection during storage. We offer a variety of products for your company, including pallets, cartons, boxes, tape, and bubble wrap. Please browse our website at your leisure.
To learn more, please visit our page specifically dedicated to packaging services.
Insurance for Transport
The price of insurance varies according to the kind of vehicle used, the concept of the product, and the insurance company. The pronounced worth may be increased by up to 20% to reflect any damage, regardless of the items. The advocate states the item's value as well as the primary transportation costs.
Check out our page for insurance services.
Moving and shipping personal belongings
Is it true that you desire to travel to Vietnam? When you travel, you may have a lot of bags or mementos to transport. Professionals handle all the pressing, packing, and customs clearance to guarantee secure delivery to your residence, whether it is in Malaysia, Vietnam, or any other country on the planet.
Check out our page for moving services.
FAQ | Freight between Malaysia and Vietnam | Rates – Transit Times – Duties & Taxes
What is the first step to transport cargo between Malaysia and Vietnam?
The initial step to transport cargo between Malaysia and Vietnam is to find a forwarding agent that can accompany you.
What type of economy does Malaysia have?
Malaysia has a mixed economic system that combines various forms of individual liberty with centralized economic planning and governmental control. Malaysia is a participant in the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) (TPP).
Does Docshipper charge duty?
We won't accept payment as part of your regular commitments. We will return the information that Malaysian Customs has provided so that we can prove this to you. Only the costs involved in producing a regulatory information document are eligible for an indulgence. DocShipper will be in charge of obtaining these customs leniency fees as we will be producing the required paperwork for you. The fees associated with customs will be collected by the government.
Can Amazon ship to Malaysia?
Yes, it is possible. Not all products, however, can be shipped from Amazon to Malaysia because it depends on the item and/or seller.
DocShipper info: Did you enjoy today's article? You might be interested in the following helpful articles for your business:
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